The tradition of worshiping the Goddess has been going on in India for a long time. Although the original form of the Goddess is Nirguna, the tradition of worshiping her Saguna form is prevalent in India. Various Saguna forms of the Goddess are worshiped in the form of Kuldevi, Gram Devi, Shakti Peeth etc. In Hindu culture, Goddess is as important as God, especially. In Panchayat Puja, along with Shiva, Vishnu, Ganapati and Surya, the worship of Goddess is also of special importance.
Transformation in creation is a game of power. Brahmacharya, Restraint, Upasana, Yadnya increase the body’s immune system. Memory improves and intellectual development takes place. Therefore, Navratra is considered to be a time of physical and spiritual purity. The deity was deified by the deification of the powers in the place of all the deities, and the Shakti-like idol got the name Devi, and the Shakta sect praised her as the supreme deity, Adimaya, or Jagdamba. Navratri is a time of seasonal change. It creates new energy, new enthusiasm, hope.
In Hindu Dharma, all festivals are celebrated in different ways and in different types. The goddess fought a fierce battle for nine days and nights, killing many demons and killing Mahishasura. Therefore, the power of Mahishasuramardini is worshiped on Navratri. Goddess is worshiped in various forms on Navratri. Nine days are fasted. Fasting means getting rid of – the importance of Navratri fasting in the broadest sense is to get rid of mental disorders, lust and evil.
In our Hindu culture, there are five types of Navratri in a year.
1) Shardiya Navratra, Autumn (September / October)
2) Vasantik Navratra, Spring i.e. Chaitra Shuddha Pratipada to Chaitra Navami (March / April)
3) Shakambhari Navratra, Magh Shukla Ashtami to Magh Pournima (January / February)
4) Gupta Navratra or Varahi Navratra, Ashadh Shuddha Pratipada to Ashadh Shuddha Navami (June / July)
5) Champashasthi Navaratra, Margashirsha Shuddha Pratipada to Margashirsha Shashti, The only Navratra of six days (November / December)
Out of all these Navratri, from Ashwin Shuddha Pratipada to Ashwin Shuddha Navami, the Shardiya Navratri festival is considered important among the devotees. Ashwin Shuddha Pratipada is performed in the house and the festival of the Goddess begins. Ghatsthapana is a small pot of soil spread in the middle by spreading soil on a foliage. The pot is filled with water by sowing saptadhanya in that soil. It is kept in a closed place and kept intact. A large stone or metal lamp is lit to keep the Nandadeep burning continuously for nine days and its wind is kept large enough to keep it burning for nine days so that the Nandadeep near the ghat is kept burning continuously and the Goddess is awakened. Every day Ghat is garlanded with flowers, morning and evening Aarti is called and in some houses, Saptashatipatha, Sreesukta, Lalita Sahasranamavali are recited, meditated and the deity is chanted.
Although ghatashthapana is traditionally practiced, it has a background in classical farming culture. It is a traditional but classical approach to seeding, water testing, soil testing, and climate testing.
What exactly do we do when we perform ghatashthapana?
First, the foliage of a palm leaf is kept. Black soil from the field is placed on it. Different types of seeds are mixed in this soil. A clay pot is placed on it. This drop is watered daily for nine days. On the ninth day, the palm leaf is lifted and the fall is immersed.
From a scientific point of view, the reduction is established on the last day of the rainy season and before the start of the rabbi harvest season. The soil used for ghata is black soil from the field. This soil is not taken from someone else’s field but from the farmer’s own field or in the field where he is going to grow rabbi. Because this is a test of the soil in the field where he is going to harvest.
The seeds mixed in this soil are not used at all, but only the crop that the farmer can sow in his field during rabbi season and the seeds available to him are sown in the field. The purpose behind that is to check the germination capacity of the seed used in his field.
The water that is added to the ghat for nine days is used to irrigate the ghat from the same water source that the farmer is going to use for his field. Ghat is used only for earthen and raw baked goods. Other metal can not use for ghat. This is because the water poured into the ghat needs to be constantly leaked so that it is available for germination in the cone-shaped soil and the seeds planted in it. The fact that we have only nine days of germination takes eight days for the seeds to germinate.
The germination capacity of seeds in Ghats is checked daily. On the ninth day, the palm leaf is picked up by five, seven or eleven people from the village. Tali means a plate of coconuts, bhandara and grains and Sadananda’s Yelkot, Bhairavnath’s Changbhale, Ambabai’s Udo Udo are spoken aloud. The purpose of this is to inspect the crop that has grown in the fall, but the scientific view is that the crop that has just arrived is a process of unanimous selection for sowing in the field. This unanimous decision is accepted by all by announcing Changbhal, Yelkot.
The universal crop is uprooted by Udo Udo. The stalk of this uprooted crop is plowed by the farmer into the cap of his hat or feta or tied with a ring. They all come to the village at an ancient temple outside the village gate to loot the shillingna . This method makes it easier to study the results of home-based tests. The crop water in the village shivara is planned on the same day by gathering in the public places of the village. In all these processes, like soil, water and seed testing, this year’s climate is also tested to see which crop is nutritious.
Dussehra is celebrated with great enthusiasm after the harvest is decided during the rabbi season. This shows how noble it was for everyone to decide what crop to grow in their field during the upcoming rabbi season, and how noble it was to conceive of how the crop would grow.
It is necessary to cultivate this traditional but scientific method of treatment, which is used to get maximum yield by treating the soil of my farm, the seeds available to me, the water available to my farm, which crop is nutritious for this year’s climate.
Not only the practices and traditions of our Hindu religion, but also the practice of scientific method was behind each of those practices and traditions. It is important to realize that this is a rich heritage for our agrarian country, which has the role of unanimously selecting a good crop and cultivating it more naturally than modern method.